The optimal shape of a pipe by Andreas Schulz

In shape optimization, recently the question arose, whether or not the cylindrical pipe has the optimal shape for the transport of an incompressible fluid. In this short note, a proof will be presented that a cylindrical pipe with Poiseuille’s flow inside indeed is optimal for the transportation of an incompressible fluid under the criterion “energy dissipated by the fluid.” The proof reduces the problem to the minimization of a two-dimensional Dirichlet’s integral. This simpler problem can be solved with a symmetrization argument.

The optimal shape of a pipe